“Biological diversity is the key to the maintenance of the world as we know it.”
~ E.O. Wilson, Biodiversity
A thornless, loosely-branched, arching shrub with blue-green lobed leaves turning dull yellow in fall. In spring, golden yellow flowers appear and emit a strong, clove-like fragrance. Birds and small animals eat the black, round, berries formed June-July.
Grow in rich, medium or dry moisture, well-drained soil. Will spread by suckers to form colonies if suckers are not removed. Both male and female flower parts are found on a single plant, however two plants with different genetic makeup are required for fruit production.
Provides fragrance in early spring. Group in shrub borders or naturalize in open woodland areas. Informal hedge or screen. Use as a background plant in native gardens. Fruit is edible and is eaten by birds and animals.
4 to 6 feet
5 to 8 feet
Medium Sun/Average Shade
Season of Interest
Early (Feb - Apr
Mid (May - June)