“Biological diversity is the key to the maintenance of the world as we know it.”
~ E.O. Wilson, Biodiversity
The fruit or nut of oak trees.
A plant that completes its life cycle in one year as opposed to a perennial that comes back year after year.
A pruning technique that keeps leggy plants more compact, promotes new foliage growth, or coerces plants to bloom repeatedly.
A fierce term for removing faded flowers, generally with some kind of pruning tool.
Usually refers to root systems that have no central axis and branch densely in all directions with thin fiberlike roots.
An herbaceous plant in a prairie or savana that dies to the ground every year at the end of the growing season. Grasses, shrubs and trees are not forbs but “wildflowers” such as coneflower and gayfeather are forbs.
Refers to a plant’s ability to withstand adverse weather conditions.
A thicket of small trees and shrubs arranged in a relatively straight line.
A protective covering spread on the ground to inhibit weed growth and conserve soil moisture.
A plant that existed within the state borders prior to the arrival of settlers.
A quick-growing crop such as annual rye or buckwheat, that germinates quickly, thus preventing erosion and protects fall seeded native plants until they germinate in spring.
A compound leaf with leaflets arranged on opposite sides of an elongated axis, for example, honey locust.
A maintenance practice that keeps vigorous perennials in their allotted space. When plants begin to get out of hand, insert a round-point shovel into the plant with the back of the shovel against what will be kept and the front of the shovel next to what should be removed. Pull back on the shovel and pop the unwanted portion of the plant out of the ground.
A primary root that grows vertically downward and gives off small lateral roots.