Butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa). Photo: Scott Woodbury

Frog Pond

If you want a perennial water feature, you might install a small Frog Pond edged with dazzling Cardinal Flower, Blue Lobelia, Pickerel Plant and Wild Canna. A fringe of Tussock Sedge and Southern Blue Flag completes the design.


  1. Eastern Redbud (Cercis canadensis)
  2. Tussock Sedge (Carex stricta)
  3. Columbine (Aquilegia canadensis)
  4. Foxglove Beard Tongue (Penstemon digitalis)
  5. Cliff Goldenrod (Solidago drummondii)
  6. Pickerel Plant (Pontederia cordata)
  7. Blue False Indigo (Baptisia australis)
  8. Garden Phlox (Phlox paniculata)
  9. Southern Blue Flag (Iris virginica var. shrevei)
  10. Shining Blue Star (Amsonia illustris)
  11. American Beautyberry (Callicarpa americana)
  12. Golden Ragwort (Senecio aureus)
  13. Fringetree (Chionanthus virginicus)
  14. Cardinal Flower (Lobelia cardinalis)
  15. Copper Iris (Iris fulva)
  16. Water Canna (Thalia dealbata

These natives also flourish in boggy, damp areas or areas with heavy, wet and clay soils where many other species cannot survive. Your Frog Pond can me made with a pre-formed sheet liner, but a pond with a simple clay bottom will allow amphibians to over-winter.



Native landscaping isn’t just for the back yard! If you want to establish a formal native shade garden for your front yard or other area, this  plan can help you. This Front Yard Formal article by Scott Woodbury from the spring 2019 issue of the Missouri Prairie Journal is a companion to this plan, and contains photos of many of the featured plants. Learn more about plants featured in this plan from this audio file from Scott, and learn more about the plants’ growth habits from this audio file from Scott. The following practices apply to plantings where some degree of control is desired. That is, these design elements will help produce a garden that looks as though it was thoughtfully designed and planned as opposed to a naturalistic meadow or recreated prairie where plants grow more randomly.