Native Plant Database

Header Photo: Mervin Wallace

American Basswood

Tilia americana
Plant Type: Trees
Native Environment: Forest
Season of Interest: Mid (May - June), Late (July - frost)
Main Color: Green
Fall Color:
Hardy From Zone:
Hardy To Zone:

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Hardiness Zones

Midwest map of zones 5 (north), 6, and 7 (south)

as defined by the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map; (hardiness zones are not recorded for all Grow Native! plants)
Sun Exposure 
Full Sun, Medium Sun/Average Shade
Soil
Moisture
Moderate
Nature Attracting
Pollinators/Beneficial Insects
Wildlife Benefit
Food/Pollinators, Butterfly / Moth Nectar
Animal
Resistance
Size

Height:

60 to
80
feet

Spread:

30 to
50
feet
Size
Height: 60 to
80
feet
Spread: 30 to
50
feet
Size
Height: 60 to
80
feet
Spread: 30 to
50
feet
Typical Landscape Use
Best planted as a single specimen shade tree due to its large size. May also be used in woodlands.
Establishment and Care Instructions
Grow in full sun or partial shade. Prefers deep moist soil but will grow in drier situations.
Special Features
Special Usage
Fragrant, Edible
Basic Description

A tall, stately, fast-growing, large tree with dark green leaves. In late spring, fragrant yellow flowers provide high quality nectar for bees. Bee and moth pollinated. Fall color may be deep yellow. Flowers used to make tea.

Where Should I Start?

Check out the Grow Native! Committee’s Top Ten picks of native plants for a particular purpose.

What’s the Next Step?

Picked out your plants? View our Resource Guide of garden centers, seed sources, landscapers, education resources, and more!

Where Can I Find This Plant in Nature?

Learn about the Native Environment(s) inhabited by the plants in this database.

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