Native Plant Database

Callicarpa americana. Photo: Mervin Wallace

American Filbert; Hazelnut

Corylus americana
Plant Type: Shrubs
Native Environment: Forest, Stream Edge
Season of Interest:
Main Color: Green
Fall Color: Green, Orange, Purple, Yellow
Hardy From Zone:
Hardy To Zone:
Sun Exposure 
Full Sun
Soil
Moisture
Dry, Moderate
Nature Attracting
Wildlife Benefit
Cover, Nesting
Animal
Resistance
Size

Height:

8 to
12
feet

Spread:

8 to
13
feet
Size
Height: 8 to
12
feet
Spread: 8 to
13
feet
Size
Height: 8 to
12
feet
Spread: 8 to
13
feet
Typical Landscape Use
Best grown informally where it can spread such as natural areas, windbreak plantings and wildlife shelterbelts. May also be used as a screen or at the back of a shrub border.
Establishment and Care Instructions
Grow in full sun to part shade in average well-drained soil. If desired, remove root suckers to prevent thickets from forming.
Special Features
Nuts
Special Usage
Edible
Basic Description

A deciduous multi-stemmed shrub with dark green leaves that forms a rounded thicket. In spring, male flowers appear in showy, 2-3 in. long, yellow catkins and female flowers develop as small, reddish, inconspicuous catkins. In July, female flowers mature into egg-shaped, 1/2 in. long, edible nuts which are encased in husk-like bracts. Quail, grouse, blue jays, squirrel and deer feed on various parts of the plant. Fall color varies from combinations of orange, rose, purplish red, yellow and green to dull yellowish green. Nuts are edible.

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