Native Plant Database

Header Photo: Mervin Wallace

Bird’s-foot Violet

Viola pedata
Plant Type: Herbaceous Perennials
Native Environment: Glade, Prairie, Savanna / Woodland
Season of Interest: Mid (May - June), Late (July - frost)
Main Color: Lavender, Purple, White
Fall Color:

USDA PLANTS Range Map

At the range map link above, zoom in for county-level data

Bird's-foot Violet plant with purplse flowers and green foliage
Photo: Steve R. Turner (courtesy of missouriplants.com)
Sun Exposure 
Full Sun
Soil
Moisture
Dry, Moderate
Nature Attracting
Butterfly, Pollinators/Beneficial Insects
Wildlife Benefit
Butterfly / Moth Host
Animal
Resistance
Deer Resistant
Size

Height:

4 to
6
inches

Spread:

4 to
6
inches
Size
Height: 4 to
6
inches
Spread: 4 to
6
inches
Size
Height: 4 to
6
inches
Spread: 4 to
6
inches
Typical Landscape Use
Rock gardens, well-drained slopes.
Establishment and Care Instructions
Crown rot may develop in poorly drained soils. Foliage may die back in summer.
Special Features
Special Usage
Ground Cover
Basic Description

Small five-petal spring flowers, typically appearing all pale lilac/lavender or with two upper petals that are deep purple and three lower petals that are pale lilac/lavender. Less commonly, flowers are white or display other combinations of the colors mentioned. Flowers, always with orange stamens, hover over basal foliage consisting of deeply dissected leaves that evoke a bird’s foot. Viola species are host to fritillary butterfly larvae including the regal fritillary in prairies.

Where Should I Start?

Check out the Grow Native! Committee’s Top Ten picks of native plants for a particular purpose.

What’s the Next Step?

Picked out your plants? View our Resource Guide of garden centers, seed sources, landscapers, education resources, and more!

Where Can I Find This Plant in Nature?

Learn about the Native Environment(s) inhabited by the plants in this database.

Support the Grow Native! Program
Skip to content