A moderate-to-fast-growing, long-lived tree with the largest leaves and acorns of all the oaks. Leaves turn brown or light yellow in the fall. Trees are weakly pyramidal when young then develop a massive trunk and broad crown with strong branches. Red-banded hairstreak butterfly caterpillars feed on decaying sumac leaves and oak litter, and oaks provide food and shelter to a wide range of wildlife.
Header Photo: Mervin Wallace
USDA PLANTS Range Map
At the range map link above, zoom in for county-level data
Typical Landscape Use
Establishment and Care Instructions
Where Should I Start?
Check out the Grow Native! Committee’s Top Ten picks of native plants for a particular purpose.
What’s the Next Step?
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