Native Plant Database

Callicarpa americana. Photo: Mervin Wallace

Deciduous Holly

Ilex decidua
Plant Type: Shrubs
Native Environment: Forest, Stream Edge
Season of Interest: Winter (Nov - Mar)
Main Color: Red, White
Fall Color:
Hardy From Zone:
Hardy To Zone:
Sun Exposure 
Full Sun
Soil
Moisture
Dry, Moderate
Nature Attracting
Wildlife Benefit
Nesting
Animal
Resistance
Size

Height:

10 to
15
feet

Spread:

5 to
12
feet
Size
Height: 10 to
15
feet
Spread: 5 to
12
feet
Size
Height: 10 to
15
feet
Spread: 5 to
12
feet
Typical Landscape Use
Effective as a specimen, in groups or as a hedge. Can be grown in low spots or along ponds or streams in moist soil. Colorful berries provide excellent winter interest. Birds, deer and a variety of small mammals eat the fruit.
Establishment and Care Instructions
Adaptable in full sun to part shade. Thicket producing in full sun. Requires pruning to shape into small tree. Plants dioecious.
Special Features
Special Usage
Fresh Cut Flower
Basic Description

A large shrub or small tree producing white flowers in late spring followed by red berries on female plants in fall/winter. Fruiting requires pollination from a male plant. The berries persist through winter and are an important food source for birds. Bluebirds and mockingbirds especially like the fruit. Adaptable but prefers well-drained, dry to moderate soil moisture.

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