Native Plant Database

Header Photo: Mervin Wallace

Eastern Hop Hornbeam

Ostrya virginiana
Plant Type: Trees
Native Environment: Forest, Savanna / Woodland
Season of Interest: Early (Feb - Apr), Mid (May - June), Late (July - frost)
Main Color: Green
Fall Color: Yellow

USDA PLANTS Range Map

At the range map link above, zoom in for county-level data

Photo: Paul Wray, Iowa State University, Bugwood.org, licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Sun Exposure 
Full Sun, Medium Sun/Average Shade
Soil
Moisture
Moderate
Nature Attracting
Wildlife Benefit
Food/Birds
Animal
Resistance
Deer Resistant
Size

Height:

25 to
40
feet

Spread:

20 to
30
feet
Size
Height: 25 to
40
feet
Spread: 20 to
30
feet
Size
Height: 25 to
40
feet
Spread: 20 to
30
feet
Typical Landscape Use
A tree for lawns, streetscape plantings, or woodland settings calling for a small-to-medium-sized tree.
Establishment and Care Instructions
Ideally, site in average soil with moderate moisture and good drainage; will tolerate clay soil.
Special Features
Interesting Bark, Ornamental Fruits / Seed Pods / Seed Heads
Special Usage
Basic Description

Smaller deciduous tree that bears distincitive scaly fruiting structures in summer that look like beer hops and are an important food source for gamebirds. Fruits are preceded by spring catkins, also utilized by wildlife. Simple alternate leaves are green in summer and yellow in autumn but may fall early. May shed its scaly bark.

Eastern hop hornbeam tree, close view with dark green leaves and light green fruiting structures that look like beer hops

Eastern hop hornbeam’s hops-like fruiting structures. Photo: Bruce Schuette.

 

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Where Can I Find This Plant in Nature?

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