Native Plant Database

Header Photo: Mervin Wallace

Flameleaf Sumac

Rhus copallina
Plant Type: Shrubs
Native Environment: Savanna / Woodland, Prairie
Season of Interest: Late (July - frost), Winter (Nov - Mar)
Main Color: Green
Fall Color: Red
Hardy From Zone:
Hardy To Zone:

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Hardiness Zones

Midwest map of zones 5 (north), 6, and 7 (south)

as defined by the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map; (hardiness zones are not recorded for all Grow Native! plants)
Sun Exposure 
Full Sun, Medium Sun/Average Shade
Soil
Moisture
Dry
Nature Attracting
Wildlife Benefit
Cover, Nesting, Food/Birds, Food/Small Animals
Animal
Resistance
Size

Height:

8 to
10
feet

Spread:

20 to
30
feet
Size
Height: 8 to
10
feet
Spread: 20 to
30
feet
Size
Height: 8 to
10
feet
Spread: 20 to
30
feet
Typical Landscape Use
Great for naturalizing in dry, rocky areas.
Establishment and Care Instructions
Great for extremely dry, rocky areas, but can grow in any well drained soil. Prune in winter to keep low or allow to grow to tree form. Can be cut to the ground regularly if a more compact grove is desired. Colonizing spread.
Special Features
Special Usage
Dried Flower
Basic Description

One of the best sumacs! A large colonizing shrub, best in open areas where it can naturalize. Foliage is dark green, shiny and has 9-21 leaflets with ‘wings’ between the leaflets. Fall color is impressive, rich red. The 8″x4″ clusters of flowers are also attractive, greenish yellow in summer. The fruit is crimson-red when it ripens in October. It is important winter food for birds and wildlife.

Where Should I Start?

Check out the Grow Native! Committee’s Top Ten picks of native plants for a particular purpose.

What’s the Next Step?

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Where Can I Find This Plant in Nature?

Learn about the Native Environment(s) inhabited by the plants in this database.

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