Native Plant Database

Header Photo: Mervin Wallace

Hackberry

Celtis occidentalis
Plant Type: Trees
Native Environment: Forest
Season of Interest: Mid (May - June), Late (July - frost)
Main Color: Green
Fall Color: Yellow
Hardy From Zone:
Hardy To Zone:

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Hardiness Zones

Midwest map of zones 5 (north), 6, and 7 (south)

as defined by the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map; (hardiness zones are not recorded for all Grow Native! plants)
Sun Exposure 
Full Sun
Soil
Moisture
Dry, Moderate, High
Nature Attracting
Wildlife Benefit
Nesting, Food/Small Animals
Animal
Resistance
Size

Height:

40 to
60
feet

Spread:

40 to
60
feet
Size
Height: 40 to
60
feet
Spread: 40 to
60
feet
Size
Height: 40 to
60
feet
Spread: 40 to
60
feet
Typical Landscape Use
Use as a shade tree in large areas. This is a good substitute for disease-prone American Elms.
Establishment and Care Instructions
While the preferred planting site is in rich moist soil, this tree is very adaptable and will grow in a variety of soil and moisture conditions including dry soil and windy areas.
Special Features
Special Usage
Basic Description

A reliable all-purpose shade tree which is pyramidal when young then develops a broad crown with ascending branches. The leaves are medium green. Fall foliage is a soft yellow. Birds and wildlife relish the small, round, orange-red or purple fleshy fruit that forms September-October.

Where Should I Start?

Check out the Grow Native! Committee’s Top Ten picks of native plants for a particular purpose.

What’s the Next Step?

Picked out your plants? View our Resource Guide of garden centers, seed sources, landscapers, education resources, and more!

Where Can I Find This Plant in Nature?

Learn about the Native Environment(s) inhabited by the plants in this database.

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