A shrub or small tree that flowers in late spring with round topped clusters of creamy-white flowers. The deep blue fruit clusters with whitish coating ripen in late fall. Fruit is glossy when white coating wears off. the oval leaves that come to an abrupt point are soft yellow green turning dark glossy green in summer. Often turns purplish-red in fall. Bark on the trunk is gray to reddish-brown with thin, square plates. The branch bark is gray and smooth except for the raised lenticels (pores, ‘spots’). Classified as endangered in Missouri, possibly due to Missouri being on the southern edge of its range. It is more common in states to our north. Important food plant for wildlife in the winter. Fruits are edible.
Header Photo: Mervin Wallace
USDA PLANTS Range Map
At the range map link above, zoom in for county-level data
Typical Landscape Use
Establishment and Care Instructions
Where Should I Start?
Check out the Grow Native! Committee’s Top Ten picks of native plants for a particular purpose.
What’s the Next Step?
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