Native Plant Database

Header Photo: Mervin Wallace

Ohio Buckeye

Aesculus glabra
Plant Type: Trees
Native Environment: Forest
Season of Interest: Mid (May - June)
Main Color: Green
Fall Color:
Hardy From Zone:
Hardy To Zone:

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Hardiness Zones

Midwest map of zones 5 (north), 6, and 7 (south)

as defined by the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map; (hardiness zones are not recorded for all Grow Native! plants)
Sun Exposure 
Full Sun, Medium Sun/Average Shade
Soil
Moisture
Moderate, High
Nature Attracting
Hummingbird, Pollinators/Beneficial Insects
Wildlife Benefit
Food/Small Animals
Animal
Resistance
Deer Resistant
Size

Height:

20 to
40
feet

Spread:

20 to
40
feet
Size
Height: 20 to
40
feet
Spread: 20 to
40
feet
Size
Height: 20 to
40
feet
Spread: 20 to
40
feet
Typical Landscape Use
Best used in natural settings, parks or large areas. Ohio Buckeye produces dense shade so don't try to plant directly under it.
Establishment and Care Instructions
Grow in moist, deep, well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade. Leaves will scorch and drop in summer if grown in hot dry situations.
Special Features
Special Usage
Basic Description

Large spikes of green-yellow flowers in spring bloom at the same time the bright green leaves unfurl. This is one of the first trees to leaf out and also one of the first to lose its leaves in the fall. Summer leaf color is dark green and fall color is often orange-red. A leathery, spiny fruit capsule splits open to expose the familiar, shiny brown, rounded seed in fall. Poisonous leaves and bark. Attracts many pollinators, including hummingbirds, long-tongued bees, bumblebees and more.

Where Should I Start?

Check out the Grow Native! Committee’s Top Ten picks of native plants for a particular purpose.

What’s the Next Step?

Picked out your plants? View our Resource Guide of garden centers, seed sources, landscapers, education resources, and more!

Where Can I Find This Plant in Nature?

Learn about the Native Environment(s) inhabited by the plants in this database.

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