Large spikes of green-yellow flowers in spring bloom at the same time the bright green leaves unfurl. This is one of the first trees to leaf out and also one of the first to lose its leaves in the fall. Summer leaf color is dark green and fall color is often orange-red. A leathery, spiny fruit capsule splits open to expose the familiar, shiny brown, rounded seed in fall. Poisonous leaves and bark. Attracts many pollinators, including hummingbirds, long-tongued bees, bumblebees and more.
Header Photo: Mervin Wallace
USDA PLANTS Range Map
At the range map link above, zoom in for county-level data
Typical Landscape Use
Establishment and Care Instructions
Where Should I Start?
Check out the Grow Native! Committee’s Top Ten picks of native plants for a particular purpose.
What’s the Next Step?
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