Native Plant Database

Header Photo: Mervin Wallace

Red Buckeye

Aesculus pavia
Plant Type: Trees
Native Environment: Forest
Season of Interest: Early (Feb - Apr), Mid (May - June)
Main Color: Red
Fall Color: Red, Yellow
Hardy From Zone: 1
Hardy To Zone: 1

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Hardiness Zones

Midwest map of zones 5 (north), 6, and 7 (south)

as defined by the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map; (hardiness zones are not recorded for all Grow Native! plants)
Sun Exposure 
Full Sun, Medium Sun/Average Shade, Shade
Soil
Moisture
Dry, Moderate
Nature Attracting
Wildlife Benefit
Butterfly / Moth Nectar
Animal
Resistance
Size

Height:

10 to
20
feet

Spread:

10 to
20
feet
Size
Height: 10 to
20
feet
Spread: 10 to
20
feet
Size
Height: 10 to
20
feet
Spread: 10 to
20
feet
Typical Landscape Use
A good accent plant for large shaded areas. Works well as an understory shrub or at the front edge of a wooded area.
Establishment and Care Instructions
Very easy to grow in moist soil. Grows best in rich soil in filtered shade. Tolerates brief flooding.
Special Features
Nuts
Special Usage
Basic Description

Usually a single-stemmed, rather open shrub with palmate leaves. Spikes of showy red flowers, 4-8 in. long, are pollinated by ruby-throated hummingbirds in spring. Foliage drops naturally in late summer. Brown, egg-shaped fruit in the fall. Handsome shrub. Usually drops leaves early, but can be yellow-orange-red.

Where Should I Start?

Check out the Grow Native! Committee’s Top Ten picks of native plants for a particular purpose.

What’s the Next Step?

Picked out your plants? View our Resource Guide of garden centers, seed sources, landscapers, education resources, and more!

Where Can I Find This Plant in Nature?

Learn about the Native Environment(s) inhabited by the plants in this database.

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