Native Plant Database

Header Photo: Mervin Wallace

Scarlet Elder; Red Elderberry

Sambucus racemosa
Plant Type: Shrubs
Native Environment:
Season of Interest: Early (Feb - Apr), Mid (May - June)
Main Color: White
Fall Color:
Hardy From Zone: 1
Hardy To Zone: 1

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Hardiness Zones

Midwest map of zones 5 (north), 6, and 7 (south)

as defined by the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map; (hardiness zones are not recorded for all Grow Native! plants)
Scarlet elder by Mervin Wallace
Photo: Mervin Wallace
Sun Exposure 
Medium Sun/Average Shade
Soil
Moisture
Moderate, High
Nature Attracting
Hummingbird, Pollinators/Beneficial Insects
Wildlife Benefit
Cover, Food (Birds), Nesting
Animal
Resistance
Size

Height:

4 to
8
feet

Spread:

3 to
6
feet
Size
Height: 4 to
8
feet
Spread: 3 to
6
feet
Size
Height: 4 to
8
feet
Spread: 3 to
6
feet
Typical Landscape Use
Landscape ornamental shrub desirable for landscaping and wildlife purposes. Many bird species eat these berries.
Establishment and Care Instructions
Special Features
Special Usage
Privacy Screen
Basic Description

Remarkable medium-sized shrub with creamy-white, pyramid-shaped clusters of small flowers in April and May. Clusters of bright red or scarlet berries follow in mid-summer.

Where Should I Start?

Check out the Grow Native! Committee’s Top Ten picks of native plants for a particular purpose.

What’s the Next Step?

Picked out your plants? View our Resource Guide of garden centers, seed sources, landscapers, education resources, and more!

Where Can I Find This Plant in Nature?

Learn about the Native Environment(s) inhabited by the plants in this database.

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