Large, evergreen, needle- and cone-bearing tree with lovely plated bark. The trunk is long and the pyramidal shape becomes more broad, opening up as the tree matures. With 3-5″ scented blue-green needles, usually in bundles of two, sometimes pleasantly audible in the wind. Many birds and small mammals eat the seeds produced by mature trees, and can take shelter in the branches. Native across much of the southeastern U.S., it is the only pine native to Missouri; the Ozarks’ extensive shortleaf pine stands had been mostly logged by the 1920s.
Header Photo: Mervin Wallace
USDA PLANTS Range Map
At the range map link above, zoom in for county-level data
Typical Landscape Use
Establishment and Care Instructions
Where Should I Start?
Check out the Grow Native! Committee’s Top Ten picks of native plants for a particular purpose.
What’s the Next Step?
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