Native Plant Database

Callicarpa americana. Photo: Mervin Wallace

Spicebush

Lindera benzoin
Plant Type: Shrubs
Native Environment: Forest, Stream Edge
Season of Interest:
Main Color: Green
Fall Color: Yellow
Hardy From Zone:
Hardy To Zone:
Sun Exposure 
Full Sun
Soil
Moisture
Moderate, High
Nature Attracting
Wildlife Benefit
Butterfly / Moth Host, Butterfly / Moth Nectar
Animal
Resistance
Size

Height:

6 to
12
feet

Spread:

6 to
12
feet
Size
Height: 6 to
12
feet
Spread: 6 to
12
feet
Size
Height: 6 to
12
feet
Spread: 6 to
12
feet
Typical Landscape Use
Shrub borders, shade or woodland gardens, moist areas, native gardens or naturalized areas. The larva (caterpillar) of the spicebush swallowtail butterfly feeds on the leaves.
Establishment and Care Instructions
Grow in moderate, medium wet, well-drained soil. Fall color is best in sunny areas. Tolerates full shade, but habit becomes more open. Plant males and females to insure fruit set. In sunny conditions may need to prune to encourage attractive branching.
Special Features
Special Usage
Fragrant
Basic Description

A broad, rounded multi-stemmed shrub covered with fragrant yellow-green flowers in early spring. The flowers open before the leaves emerge and are held close to the branches. Aromatic light green leaves turn deep yellow-gold in fall. Birds feed on the small, brilliant red fruits formed on female plants.

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