Native Plant Database

Header Photo: Mervin Wallace

Spicebush

Lindera benzoin
Plant Type: Shrubs
Native Environment: Forest, Stream Edge
Season of Interest: Mid (May - June), Late (July - frost)
Main Color: Green
Fall Color: Yellow

USDA PLANTS Range Map

At the range map link above, zoom in for county-level data

Sun Exposure 
Medium Sun/Average Shade, Shade
Soil
Moisture
Moderate, High
Nature Attracting
Butterfly, Pollinators/Beneficial Insects
Wildlife Benefit
Butterfly / Moth Host, Butterfly / Moth Nectar, Food/Birds, Food/Small Animals
Animal
Resistance
Size

Height:

6 to
12
feet

Spread:

6 to
12
feet
Size
Height: 6 to
12
feet
Spread: 6 to
12
feet
Size
Height: 6 to
12
feet
Spread: 6 to
12
feet
Typical Landscape Use
Shrub borders, shade or woodland gardens, moist areas, native gardens or naturalized areas.
Establishment and Care Instructions
Grow in moderate, medium wet, well-drained soil. Fall color is best in sunny areas. Thrives in shade and part-shade conditions; will grow in sunny areas as well. Plant males and females to ensure fruit set. Fall color is best in sunny areas; in sunny conditions may need to be pruned to encourage attractive branching.
Special Features
Special Usage
Fragrant, Salt Tolerant
Basic Description

A broad, rounded multi-stemmed shrub covered with fragrant yellow-green flowers in early spring. The flowers open before the leaves emerge and are held close to the branches. Aromatic light green leaves turn deep yellow-gold in fall. Birds feed on the small, brilliant red fruits formed on female plants. The larva (caterpillar) of the spicebush swallowtail butterfly feeds on the leaves.

Where Should I Start?

Check out the Grow Native! Committee’s Top Ten picks of native plants for a particular purpose.

What’s the Next Step?

Picked out your plants? View our Resource Guide of garden centers, seed sources, landscapers, education resources, and more!

Where Can I Find This Plant in Nature?

Learn about the Native Environment(s) inhabited by the plants in this database.

Support the Grow Native! Program
Skip to content