Native Plant Database

Header Photo: Mervin Wallace

Swamp White Oak

Quercus bicolor
Plant Type: Trees
Native Environment: Forest
Season of Interest: Winter (Nov - Mar)
Main Color: Green
Fall Color: Brown, Green, Yellow

USDA PLANTS Range Map

At the range map link above, zoom in for county-level data

Swamp white oak by Felicia Brundick
Photo: Felicia Brundick
Sun Exposure 
Full Sun
Soil
Moisture
Dry, Moderate, High
Nature Attracting
Butterfly, Pollinators/Beneficial Insects, Songbirds
Wildlife Benefit
Butterfly / Moth Host, Cover, Food/Birds, Food/Small Animals, Nesting
Animal
Resistance
Size

Height:

50 to
80
feet

Spread:

50 to
70
feet
Size
Height: 50 to
80
feet
Spread: 50 to
70
feet
Size
Height: 50 to
80
feet
Spread: 50 to
70
feet
Typical Landscape Use
Great large shade tree excellent for wet or well drained areas.
Establishment and Care Instructions
One of the easiest to transplant. One of the most flood tolerant oaks. Native in low, almost swampy areas, but grows well in well drained soil also. Very adaptable tree!
Special Features
Interesting Bark, Nuts
Special Usage
Salt Tolerant
Basic Description

A large and imposing tree, forming a fairly coarse outline with a broad crown, often above a short trunk. Leaves are fairly broad with shallow lobes, dark green and usually gray-green underneath. Fall color is yellowish-bronze, some trees are red-purple. Best to buy in fall color to know what color your tree will be. Bi-color leaves very ornamental! Acorn is fairly large, held on stalks and covered about one-third by its cap. Can be eaten fresh, fairly sweet flavor. New root pruning and fertilization techniques in nursery production have made oaks easier to transplant and have given them faster growth rates. Red-banded hairstreak butterfly caterpillars feed on decaying sumac leaves and oak litter.

Oak species, as a group, serve as host plants for caterpillars of more than 500 different kinds of butterflies and moths. This is more than any other genus of tree. The caterpillars (larvae) feed on foliage, but without harming the trees. Oaks are vitally important in supporting nature’s web of life.

Where Should I Start?

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Where Can I Find This Plant in Nature?

Learn about the Native Environment(s) inhabited by the plants in this database.

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