Native Plant Database

Header Photo: Mervin Wallace

Wafer Ash

Ptelea trifoliata
Plant Type: Trees
Native Environment: Forest
Season of Interest: Mid (May - June), Late (July - frost), Winter (Nov - Mar)
Main Color: Green
Fall Color: Green, Yellow
Hardy From Zone:
Hardy To Zone:

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Hardiness Zones

Midwest map of zones 5 (north), 6, and 7 (south)

as defined by the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map; (hardiness zones are not recorded for all Grow Native! plants)
Sun Exposure 
Full Sun, Medium Sun/Average Shade, Shade
Soil
Moisture
Dry, Moderate
Nature Attracting
Butterfly, Pollinators/Beneficial Insects
Wildlife Benefit
Butterfly / Moth Host, Butterfly / Moth Nectar
Animal
Resistance
Deer Resistant, Rabbit Resistant
Size

Height:

8 to
20
feet

Spread:

8 to
15
feet
Size
Height: 8 to
20
feet
Spread: 8 to
15
feet
Size
Height: 8 to
20
feet
Spread: 8 to
15
feet
Typical Landscape Use
Use in shaded areas, in a mixed shrub border or in a woodland garden.
Establishment and Care Instructions
Very easy to grow in sun or shade as long as the soil is well-drained.
Special Features
Special Usage
Fragrant
Basic Description

A large shrub or small tree with a bushy rounded form. Fragrant greenish flowers bloom April-June and provide nectar for pollinators. Flowers are followed by yellow-green, winged fruits that later turn brown and last through winter on female plants.

Where Should I Start?

Check out the Grow Native! Committee’s Top Ten picks of native plants for a particular purpose.

What’s the Next Step?

Picked out your plants? View our Resource Guide of garden centers, seed sources, landscapers, education resources, and more!

Where Can I Find This Plant in Nature?

Learn about the Native Environment(s) inhabited by the plants in this database.

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