Native Plant Database

Header Photo: Mervin Wallace

Washington Hawthorn

Crataegus phaenopyrum
Plant Type: Trees
Native Environment:
Season of Interest: Winter (Nov - Mar)
Main Color: White
Fall Color: Orange, Red
Hardy From Zone: 4
Hardy To Zone: 8

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Hardiness Zones

Midwest map of zones 5 (north), 6, and 7 (south)

as defined by the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map; (hardiness zones are not recorded for all Grow Native! plants)
Sun Exposure 
Full Sun
Soil
Moisture
Dry, Moderate
Nature Attracting
Wildlife Benefit
Cover, Nesting
Animal
Resistance
Size

Height:

25 to
30
feet

Spread:

20 to
25
feet
Size
Height: 25 to
30
feet
Spread: 20 to
25
feet
Size
Height: 25 to
30
feet
Spread: 20 to
25
feet
Typical Landscape Use
Good specimen tree, or can be used in mass plantings. Ornamental berries.
Establishment and Care Instructions
Full sun and almost any soil. A tough and durable tree. Afflicted by many pests and diseases, but none will kill the tree.
Special Features
Special Usage
Basic Description

A small rounded tree. The young foliage is purple and matures to shiny dark green. Fall color is orange and red/purple. Flowers in early summer (the last hawthorn to flower) and produces glossy red fruit (1/4″) that persists all winter. Thorns are 1-3″ long.

Where Should I Start?

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Where Can I Find This Plant in Nature?

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