Callicarpa americana. Photo: Mervin Wallace

Native Plant Database

Pick the right native plant for the right place.

This searchable database of 300+ plants native to the lower Midwest includes trees, shrubs, vines, grasses, sedges, rushes, and wildflowers suitable for landscaping as well as species for creating wildlife habitat, stabilizing streams, and for other ecological purposes. Most plants in the database are available from Grow Native! professional members who sell plants. A few species in the database are not readily available for sale, such as common violets found in yards, but are included here because of widespread interest.

Not Sure Where to Start?

Check out the Grow Native! Committee’s Top Ten picks of native plants for particular purposes.

What’s the Next Step?

Picked out your plants? View our Resource Guide of garden centers, seed sources, landscapers, education resources, and more!

Plant Type
Sun Exposure
Soil Moisture
Main Color
Fall Color
Season of Interest
Special Features
Special Usage
Animal Resistance
Wildlife Benefit
Nature Attracting
Native Environment

Learn about the Native Environment(s) of the plants in this database.

    False aloe by Carol Davit
    Manfreda virginica
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Coral bells, alum root by Mervin Wallace
    Heuchera richardsonii
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Tilia americana
    Trees
    Diarrhena obovata
    Grasses / Sedges / Rushes
    Callicarpa americana
    Shrubs
    Celastrus scandens
    Vines
    Corylus americana
    Shrubs
    Ilex opaca
    Trees
    Carpinus caroliniana
    Trees
    Polygonum americanum
    Shrubs
    Cotinus obovatus
    Trees
    Styrax americanus
    Shrubs
    Peltandra virginica
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Arrowhead or duck potato by Mervin Wallace
    Sagittaria latifolia
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Viburnum dentatum
    Shrubs
    Taxodium distichum
    Trees
    Barbara's buttons plant with pink flowers that look like pincushions
    Marshallia caespitosa
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Waldsteinia fragarioides by Mervin Wallace
    Waldsteinia fragarioides
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Monarda bradburiana
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Carex bicknellii
    Grasses / Sedges / Rushes
    Prunus serotina
    Trees
    Aronia melanocarpa
    Shrubs
    Actaea racemosa
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Nyssa sylvatica
    Trees
    Viburnum prunifolium
    Shrubs
    Quercus velutina
    Trees
    Rubus occidentalis
    Shrubs
    Staphylea trifolia
    Shrubs
    Lobelia siphilitica
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Blue-green grasslike leaves of Blue Wood Sedge plant
    Carex flaccosperma
    Grasses / Sedges / Rushes
    Gentiana andrewsii
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Box elder tree in a landscape.
    Acer negundo
    Trees
    Brown Fox Sedge by Scott Woodbury
    Carex vulpinoidea
    Grasses / Sedges / Rushes
    Quercus macrocarpa
    Trees
    Carex bushii
    Grasses / Sedges / Rushes
    Clitoria mariana
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Cephalanthus occidentalis
    Shrubs
    Lobelia cardinalis
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Carex eburnea
    Grasses / Sedges / Rushes
    Stylophorum diphyllum
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Carex cherokeensis
    Grasses / Sedges / Rushes
    Prunus virginiana
    Shrubs
    Polystichum acrostichoides
    Ferns
    Osmunda cinnamomea
    Ferns
    Solidago drummondii
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Aquilegia canadensis
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Iris fulva
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Lonicera sempervirens
    Vines
    Leitneria floridana
    Shrubs
    Baptisia bracteata
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Veronicastrum virginicum
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Silphium perfoliatum
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Curlytop ironweed by Mervin Wallace
    Vernonia arkansana
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Ilex decidua
    Shrubs
    Dittany by Mervin Wallace
    Cunila origanoides
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Crataegus mollis
    Trees
    Phlox pilosa ssp. ozarkana
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Downy phlox
    Phlox pilosa
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Scutellaria incana
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Aristolochia tomentosa
    Vines
    Iris cristata
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Liatris scariosa
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Ostrya virginiana
    Trees
    Cercis canadensis
    Trees
    green sedge plant with rock and mulch border in a garden
    Carex radiata
    Grasses / Sedges / Rushes
    Carex blanda
    Grasses / Sedges / Rushes
    Sambucus canadensis
    Shrubs
    long green sedge laying down as a natural mulch around trees
    Carex praegracilis
    Grasses / Sedges / Rushes
    Enemion biternatum
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Silene virginica
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Rhus copallinum
    Shrubs
    Cornus florida
    Trees
    Penstemon digitalis
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Rhus aromatica
    Shrubs
    Chionanthus virginicus
    Trees
    Phlox paniculata
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Aruncus dioicus
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Zizia aurea
    Herbaceous Perennials
    green plant with long yellow flowers
    Ribes aureum
    Shrubs
    Packera aurea
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Cornus racemosa
    Shrubs
    Solidago nemoralis
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Ratibida pinnata
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Pycnanthemum verticillatum var. pilosum
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Helenium autumnale
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Rhamnus caroliniana
    Shrubs
    Gillenia stipulata
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Spigelia marilandica
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Amorpha fruticosa by Mervin Wallace
    Amorpha fruticosa
    Shrubs
    Osmunda claytoniana
    Ferns
    Jack-in-the-pulpit plant with green leaves and hooded striped flowers
    Arisaema triphyllum
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Polemonium reptans
    Herbaceous Perennials
    James' Sedge plants with bright green fine-textured foliage along brick path
    Carex jamesii
    Grasses / Sedges / Rushes
    Gymnocladus dioicus
    Trees
    Athyrium filix-femina
    Ferns
    Amorpha canescens
    Shrubs
    Leather flower by Mervin Wallace
    Clematis versicolor
    Vines
    Dirca palustris
    Shrubs
    Monarda citriodora
    Annuals
    Heuchera parviflora
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Crataegus spathulata
    Trees
    Lizard's tail plants with green leaves and white flower spikes.
    Saururus cernuus
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Field of brown longspike tridens in fall.
    Tridens strictus
    Grasses / Sedges / Rushes
    Maidenhair fern plant with fine-textured green fronds arranged in a circular shape
    Adiantum pedatum
    Ferns
    Podophyllum peltatum
    Spring Ephemeral
    Meadow anemone plants with green foliage and white flowers along path
    Anemone canadensis
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Phlox maculata
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Ribes missouriense
    Shrubs
    Conoclinium coelestinum
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Viburnum lentago
    Shrubs
    Diplazium pycnocarpon
    Ferns
    Symphyotrichum novae-angliae
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Ceanothus americanus
    Shrubs
    Physocarpus opulifolius
    Shrubs
    Chasmanthium latifolium
    Grasses / Sedges / Rushes
    Carex albicans
    Grasses / Sedges / Rushes
    Physostegia virginiana
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Obedient plant or false dragonhead by Mervin Wallace
    Physostegia angustifolia
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Aesculus glabra
    Trees
    Ohio horsemint by Carol Davit
    Blephilia ciliata
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Tradescantia ohiensis
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Rudbeckia fulgida
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Matteuccia struthiopteris
    Ferns
    Quercus lyrata
    Trees
    Heliopsis helianthoides
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Cornus alternifolia
    Trees
    Palm sedge by Mervin Wallace
    Carex muskingumensis
    Grasses / Sedges / Rushes
    Passiflora incarnata
    Vines
    Rosa carolina
    Shrubs
    Asimina triloba
    Trees
    Pontederia cordata
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Quercus palustris
    Trees
    Pitcher's leather flower plant with green leaves and purple flowers resembling inverted urns
    Clematis pitcheri
    Vines
    Quercus stellata
    Trees
    Coreopsis palmata
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Prairie willow with green leaves.
    Salix humilis
    Shrubs
    Echinacea purpurea
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Asclepias purpurascens
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Dalea purpurea
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Pussytoes
    Antennaria parlinii
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Filipendula rubra
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Aesculus pavia
    Trees
    Acer rubrum
    Trees
    Quercus rubra
    Trees
    Robin's plantain by Mervin Wallace
    Erigeron pulchellus
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Hibiscus lasiocarpos
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Chelone obliqua
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Rose verbena by Scott Woodbury
    Glandularia canadensis
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Cornus drummondii
    Trees
    Packera obovata
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Silene regia
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Viburnum rufidulum
    Shrubs
    Phlox bifida
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Sassafras albidum
    Trees
    Scarlet elder by Mervin Wallace
    Sambucus racemosa
    Shrubs
    Sedum ternatum
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Onoclea sensibilis
    Ferns
    Serviceberry with white flowers.
    Amelanchier arborea
    Shrubs
    Carya ovata
    Trees
    Hepatica nobilis var. acuta
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Quercus imbricaria
    Trees
    Amsonia illustris
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Short's sedge by Scott Woodbury
    Carex shortiana
    Grasses / Sedges / Rushes
    green sedge covering land in front of red building
    Carex brevior
    Grasses / Sedges / Rushes
    Trees including shortleaf pines with dark green foliage
    Pinus echinata
    Trees
    Hypericum prolificum
    Shrubs
    Quercus shumardii
    Trees
    Silky dogwood by Mervin Wallace
    Cornus amomum
    Shrubs
    Silvery spleenwort fern
    Deparia acrostichoides
    Ferns
    Phlox glaberrima
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Soft rush by Mervin Wallace
    Juncus effusus
    Grasses / Sedges / Rushes
    Polygonatum biflorum
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Lindera benzoin
    Shrubs
    Claytonia virginica
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Coreopsis pubescens
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Euonymus americanus
    Shrubs
    Acer saccharum
    Trees
    Supplejack plant with orangel fall leaves and blue fruits
    Berchemia scandens
    Vines
    Quercus michauxii
    Trees
    Asclepias incarnata
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Liquidambar styraciflua
    Trees
    Coreopsis tripteris
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Berlandiera texana
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Carex texensis
    Grasses / Sedges / Rushes
    Campsis radicans
    Vines
    Liriodendron tulipifera
    Trees
    Hamamelis vernalis
    Shrubs
    Clematis virginiana
    Vines
    Mertensia virginica
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Parthenocissus quinquefolia
    Vines
    Itea virginica
    Shrubs
    Backlit Virginia Wild Rye plant.
    Elymus virginicus
    Grasses / Sedges / Rushes
    Ptelea trifoliata
    Trees
    Euonymus atropurpureus
    Shrubs
    Thalia dealbata
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Nymphaea odorata
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Fraxinus americana
    Trees
    White Sage plant with green foliage and tiny greyish flowers
    Artemisia ludoviciana
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Chelone glabra
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Geranium maculatum
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Asarum canadense
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Wild hydrangea plant with green leaves and white flowers.
    Hydrangea arborescens
    Shrubs
    Allium stellatum
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Ruellia humilis
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Prunus americana
    Trees
    Phlox divaricata
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Ilex verticillata
    Shrubs
    Hamamelis virginiana
    Shrubs
    Tradescantia ernestiana
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Lonicera flava
    Vines
    Yellow passionflower
    Passiflora lutea
    Vines
    Erythronium americanum
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Yellow wild indigo plant with green leaves and yellow flower spikes
    Baptisia sphaerocarpa
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Cladrastis kentukea
    Trees
    Solidago flexicaulis
    Herbaceous Perennials
    Iris brevicaulis
    Herbaceous Perennials